Trafalgar Square the most popular open space used for wide ranges of activities

Trafalgar Square is an iconic London landmark. It is situated in the heart of London. It is one of the city’s most vibrant open space. It is often used for a wide range of activities like special events and celebrations, St Patrick’s Day, Eid and Chinese New Year. Filming and photography, rallies and demonstrations are also held on a regular basis.

No visit to London would be complete without spending some time in Trafalgar Square.

A huge Christmas tree (a gift from Norway) is located here each Christmas. It hosts the Eid in the Square and Diwali in the Square festivals each year.

Trafalgar Square: A brief history facts

The land of Trafalgar Square was part of the Great Royal Mews. It was used as stables by Whitehall Palace from the 14th to the late-17th century. Trafalgar Square was designed by John Nash in the 1820s and constructed in the 1830s. It was named in celebration of Britain’s triumph at the Battle of Trafalgar. A British Naval won the Napoleonic Wars over France and Spain. It took place on 21 October 1805 off the coast of Cape Trafalgar, Spain.

The north side of the square is the National Gallery and to its east St Martin-in-the-Fields. It was built on the line of communications between the Mall, St Martin’s Place, the Strand, and Whitehall.

It is a home not only to Nelson’s Column but also to other statues, Monuments, fountains and more

Statute and Monuments in Trafalgar Square:

Nelson’s Column guarded by four lion statues at its base. It is in the centre of the square. Read more about Nelson Column

There are four plinths for statues in the square. The southwest of the square- Bronze statues of General Sir Charles James Napier. Major General Sir Henry Havelock on the southeast plinth. And King George IV on the northeast plinth. The fourth plinth is in the northwest of the square. The content presents world-class contemporary artworks in the public realm.

Three busts of admirals against the north wall of the square. Lord Jellicoe, Lord Beatty, Second World War First Sea Lord Admiral Cunningham


The fountains were added in 1845, and the mermaids, dolphins and tritons. The fountains operate on most days.

Imperial Measures

In 1876 the Imperial Measures were set into the north terrace wall. Surveyors can still check ‘Perches’, ‘Chains’ and other archaic measures against feet and yards.

Police box

It is probably the smallest police box. It is built on the southeast corner of the square. There was originally a lamp, built in 1826. Scotland Yard put telephone line and used as a one-man police phone box in 1926. Police officers could keep an eye on large gatherings and protests. At present, it is used as a storage room by the cleaners.


Trafalgar Square used to be famous for pigeons and popular activity was of feeding them by tourists and also by Londoners. Only a few birds are seen today that are used for festivals and also hired by film companies.


Many events like cultural celebrations, commercial events, rallies and demonstrations, filming and photographic shoots are hosted at Trafalgar Square. Find out more about the events held at Trafalgar Square.

Address, Nearest Tube to Trafalgar Square

Address: Trafalgar Square, London WC2N 5DN. It is situated in the heart of London. See the location in Google Map.
Nearest Tube: Charing Cross (Northern Line and Bakerloo Line). Bus- Bus numbers 9, 6, 9, 23, 139, 3, 12, 23, 88, 159, 453, 12, 91, 11, 24, 87, 24, 29, 176, 15, 53, 176. Make a plan to visit by TFL Journey Plan.

For more information please visit the Gov’t website

Youtube Video on Trafalgar Square

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